Esports, short for electronic sports, refers to competitive video gaming where professional players or teams compete in various multiplayer video games. These competitions are often organized into leagues, tournaments, and events, attracting both online and offline audiences. Esports has grown into a global industry, with players, sponsors, and spectators contributing to its popularity and economic significance.
The Esports market can be divided into 6 different parts. First, Sponsorship & Advertising, which refers to revenues made from sponsorship deals and advertising for events and tournaments. Merchandise & Ticketing refers to the revenues generated mainly from tournament tickets and the merchandise that comes with it. Additionally, Streaming, Media Rights and Publisher Fees, which all refers to the revenue that is associated with broadcasting Esports events accross various channels. Lastly, Esports Betting includes the betting on outcomes of Esport events.
The market comprises revenues, ad spendings, users, average revenue per user, and penetration rates. Revenues are generated through advertising spending and consumer spending. Sales channel data shows both online and offline revenues. Information on Esports betting can also be found in the Digital Market Insights. All monetary figures refer to the annual gross revenue.
Key players of the market include companies or teams such as FaZe, Cloud9 or TSM.
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Professional and semi-professional gaming competitions, such as Semi-Pro League
Tournaments and leagues, such as Dota 2 The International
Sponsorship deals and advertising, such as FaZe and Steelseries
Merchandise and ticketing for Esport tournaments
Streaming of tournaments, such as streaming on Twitch
Amateur competitions, such as Amateur Esports League
Streaming revenues of non-organized competitive gaming, such as casual gaming on Twitch
Digital and physical sales from video games, such as sales of Call of Duty
Digital tools associated with revenues from Esports, such as Teamspeak or Discord
Esports is a fast-growing market within the world of gaming, mainly driven by the ongoing digitalization, increasing smartphone usage, and rising awareness of gaming. Faster and better technology opens up new possibilities, with the COVID-19 pandemic fueling the demand for Esports. The market will constantly grow due to the creation of more teams, tournaments, companies, and hence a wide-reaching platform for sponsorship and advertisement. Not only does the prize money from tournaments rise but also the amount invested into different teams, owing to the increase in live stream viewers and profitability. With China remaining the biggest market and the U.S. and Germany following behind, the Esports market is expected to witness strong double-digit growth. Recent consolidation in the gaming industry and the entry of FaZe Clan into the stock market have drawn further attention to the market.
The data encompasses B2C enterprises. Figures are based on the Esports market, which comprises revenues from and users of professional competitive gaming content. This includes any professional and semiprofessional gaming competitions within tournaments or leagues that offer a championship title or prize money. All figures are based on net revenues and exclude agency commissions, rebates, and production costs.
Modeling approach / market size:
The market size is determined through a bottom-up approach. We use annual financial reports of the market-leading companies and industry associations, third-party studies and reports, survey results from our primary research (e.g., Consumer Insights), as well as performance factors (e.g., user penetration, price per product, usage) to analyze the markets. To estimate the market size for each country individually, we use relevant key market indicators and data from country-specific industry associations, such as various macroeconomic indicators, historical developments, current trends, and reported performance indicators of key market players. In particular, we consider average prices and annual purchase frequencies.
We apply a variety of forecasting techniques, depending on the behavior of the relevant market. For instance, the S-curve function and exponential trend smoothing are well suited for forecasting digital products and services due to the non-linear growth of technology adoption. The main drivers are GDP per capita, consumer spending per capita, and 4G coverage.
The data is modeled using current exchange rates. The market is updated twice a year in case market dynamics change. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is considered at a country-specific level. The data is modeled using current exchange rates. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war are considered at a country-specific level. The market is updated twice a year. In some cases, the data is updated on an ad hoc basis (e.g., when new, relevant data has been released or significant changes within the market have an impact on the projected development). Consumer Insights data is reweighted for representativeness.